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굿바이,평양
[ 2012년 03월19일 00시04분 ]
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whiterose7
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대한민국사람 아무도 모른다. 재일동포의 슬픈 역사

감춰진 아픔과 상처  <굿바이, 평양>

<굿바이, 평양>은 지난 역사를 더 이상 자신의 삶과 연결 짓지 못하는 우리들과 달리 지금도 지난했던 역사의 그들에서 고통 받고 있는 재일동포들의 애환을 담아낸 다큐멘터리영화다.

무엇보다도 '양영희감독'본인과 그녀의 가족사를 다루고 있다는 점이 <굿바이, 평양>의 진정성을 더욱 돋보이게 한다. 이 가족의 슬픈 가족사는 일제강점기를 거쳐 분단에 이르기 까지 힘겨웠던 재일동포의 역사를 관통하고 있다.

양영희감독의 고향이자 그녀의 부모님이 살고 있는 일본 오사카는 재일동포 역사의 산 중심지로 전체인구의 1/3이 재일동포일 정도, 특히, 이곳에 제주도 출신이 많은 것은 1930년대 자원과 물자가 한정된 제주도에 일본이 해군기지를 세우면서 주민들이 결국 생활고를 견디지 못하고 일본으로 다수가 이주했기 때문이다.

6.25전쟁이 끝나고 북한과 남한으로 등을 돌린 한반도의 정세는 재일동포사회에도 엄청난 영향을 미쳐 대한민국과 북한 국적 중 하나를 선택해야하는 기로에 서게 되고 일본의 노골적인 민족차별로 어려움에 처했던 대다수의 재일동포들이 그 자신들의 인권과 민족교육을 위해 막대한 자금과 지원을 아끼지 않을 것이라는 북한 김일성집단의 선동에 현혹되어 북한을 선택하게 된 건 당연한 수순이었다.

1955년 6.25로 노동력 부족에 시달리던 북한은 '재일동포'의 귀환을 추진, 1959년 북한과 일본정부는 인도 캘커타에서 '재일동포 북송에 관한 협정'을 정식 조인하기에 이른다. 같은 해12월, 975명의 재일동포가 '만경봉호'를 타고 니가타항을 출발하여 북한으로 귀환하게된 것을 시작으로 이 북송사업은 84년까지 계속되어 총 186차례에 걸쳐 9만 3천 4백 여 명이 평양으로 이주를 했다.

북한이 무상교육과 무상의료혜택을 주는 '지상낙원'으로 믿어 의심치 않았기에 '양영희 감독'의 세 오빠들도 70년대 초, 일본의 민족차별에서 벗어나 자신들의 꿈을 이루기 위해 어린 나이에 '만경봉호'에 몸을 실었다.

하지만, 북한의 실상은 많이 달랐다. 일본의 가족들이 생활비와 생활필수품을 보내주지 않고는 제대로 된 생활을 영위하기 어려웠다. 무엇보다 일본에서 어린 시절을 보냈던 '재일동포 2세'들이 감당하기엔 너무 폐쇄적이고 무기력했다. 가끔 일본의 가족들이 평양의 가족들을 만나러 갈 기회가 생기더라도 감시와 검열 속에 만남이 진행되어야 했고, 북에 있는 가족들이 일본으로 오는 것은 허락되지 않았다.

조금 더 나은 삶을 살고자 일본으로 이주 했던 재일동포 1세대들과 마찬가지로 평양으로 이주할 수밖에 없었던 평양이민 1세대. 그들은 이제 더 이상 의 출구가 없다. 삶의 무기력함과 더 무엇을 어찌해 볼 생각조차 불가능한 닫혀 진 사회에서 그들의 오빠들은 枯死되어가고 있었다.

더욱 가슴 저린 것은 그녀의 늙은 아버지였다. 젊은 날  조총련의 열성당원으로 김일성을 믿고 아들 셋을 강권하여 만경봉호에 태웠다. 조국에 돌아가 "하고픈 꿈을 이루라"기대에 차서 보냈다. 그것이 땅을 치며 후회할 일이 될 줄은 몰랐다. 회한에 찬 눈물을 흘리며 두 눈 부릅뜨고 숨을 거두었다.

<굿바이,평양>은 역사의 소용돌이 속에서 자신이 겪어야 했던 이민세대의 상처를 자식세대에 까지 대물림하는 애환을 안은 채 살아가고 있는 재일동포의 삶을 진솔하게 그리고 있다.
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[ 2015년 11월30일 15시25분 ]
번호 제목 작성자 올린날짜 조회수
371 꿈을 꾸며 기다리라 gurkhan 2016.07.11 768
370 국가정체성의 核[대한민국 헌법 제3조] whiterose7 2012.05.05 3924
369 '정글자본주의'에 대해 어떻게 생각하는가? [2] whiterose7 2012.04.29 4005
368 ‘자유민주주의’ 아니라면 어떤 민주주의인가 [1] whiterose7 2012.04.27 3413
367 박원순식 민주주의 조직으로 개편하겠다?? [1] godsight 2012.04.25 3200
366 서초동 법원 정문에서 일인시위하시는 이계성 교장선생님 [2] wldlib 2012.04.11 4193
365 박근혜 독식하라고 우파단일화? 박근혜가 우파인가? [5] whiterose7 2012.04.09 3198
364 지금 우리가 당면해 있는 危機가 바로 절반 이상이 赤化된 상태라는데 있다. [2] whiterose7 2012.04.06 3547
363 공안당국에 경고한다 [2] whiterose7 2012.04.04 3187
362 차인표,대한민국 교회와 성도들 회개하세요... 북한인권에 대해 침묵한것을 [51] sahebada 2012.03.22 4132
361 대한민국은 '빵' 때문에 싸우는 나라는 아니다. [55] whiterose7 2012.03.21 2926
360 진실 외치는 소수만으로도 위대한 역사 만든다. [1] whiterose7 2012.03.20 2279
독자마당 굿바이,평양 [1] whiterose7 2012.03.19 2321
358 국가가 너에게 무엇을 해줄 것을 기대하기 전에,네가 국가를 위해 무엇을 할 것인가를 고민하라. [52] whiterose7 2012.03.16 6324
357 恐怖사회와 自由사회는 평화롭게 共存할 수 없다. [1] whiterose7 2012.03.09 2318
356 “썩은 암덩어리 MBC” [1] sahebada 2012.02.07 2414
355 평양이 잊지 못하는 사람 [1] sahebada 2012.01.17 2589
354 전교조 타도 위해 서초동 법원앞에서 매일 일인시위 하시는 이계성 교장선생님 [52] wldlib 2012.01.17 3356
353 노벨상 받은 이명박.....4대강 사업으로 받았다. [6] weppy111 2012.01.14 2639
352 그냥 사세요 [2] kkk10203 2012.01.08 1998
1 [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]  
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 1. 親中? 선교하는 통일한국이냐 침몰이냐
 2. 北내분? 김정은, 최룡해 내세워 황병..
 3. 다시 불거진 김정은 건강이상설
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